Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Why Almost Everything Youve Learned About Get Papers Written for You Is Wrong and What You Should Know
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Sunday, May 24, 2020
In William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Hamlet, Hamlet explores empirical questions searching for revenge and truth amongst the lies as he comes to grips with his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s death. In the end, Hamlet proves to be an exceptionally existential character. In all of the chaos within the castle, Hamlet, a university student arrives back home and finds out that his father, the king of Denmark, died of foul play. The Ghost of HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s father visits him and tells him the story of his unfortunate demise. There, it was revealed that HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s Uncle Claudius is the murderer. Throughout the rest of the play, Hamlet seeks to avenge his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s death. However, he is so enraged and consumed with sorrow that it builds up to this extreme and almost deranged madman. Hamlet makes it clear that he is a experiencing a sign of grief. Ã¢â¬Å"For they are the actions that a man might play, but I have that within which passes show, these but the trappings and suits of woeÃ¢â¬ (I.ii.84-86 ). Most would say that Hamlet goes insane in the play and his grip on right and wrong gets thrown out the window. However, his unhinged way of thinking is actually a brilliant ploy to get everyone around him to pay no mind to the crazy person. It is such a crafty and witty trick that Hamlet is able to manipulate everyone around him to truly see Claudius -- a murderer and usurper. The enigma of HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s nature attracts readers to the character. He is at once a critic and voluntary banishment of Elsinore, while, at the same time he receivesShow MoreRelatedHamlet : William Shakespeare s Hamlet1259 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesOmar Sancho Professor Christopher Cook English 201-0810 Hamlet Paper 23 May 2016 Hamlet Character Analysis Ã¢â¬Å"There is nothing either good or bad, but thinking makes it so.Ã¢â¬ (Act 2, Scene 2, 239-251) Hamlet by William Shakespeare is one of the most famous plays written that conveys a multitude theme. But most predominant is the presence of Hamlet s obsession with philosophy of life, throughout the play Hamlet philosophy reviles his point of view love, loyalty, the importance of family and friendsRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Hamlet - Hamlet1160 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPart 1: Hamlet Word Count: 1000 In what ways does Shakespeare s Hamlet explore the human mind? The play Hamlet written by William Shakespeare, is seen to be an exploration of the human mind and shows the consequences our actions have when they are acted in pure impulse and emotion instead of being thought about. The character Hamlet makes majority of his decision in the heat of the moment, but had trouble deciding which action to take after intense consideration. The actions that Hamlet doesRead MoreHamlet By William Shakespeare s Hamlet1936 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesWilliam Shakespeare s, Hamlet, written in the seventeenth century and first performed in 1602, is still a complex and intriguing play that encompasses many Jungian archetypes in relation to the setting and characters. This play was approximately four centuries old before Shakespeare reworked it for the stage. Hamlet is based on events involving the death of the King of Denmark according to the Norse legends. This paper deals with a small portion of the entirety of the events in Hamlet. ScholarsRead MoreWilliam Shakesp eare s Hamlet - Hamlet And The Ghost Essay1550 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAlthough written over 400 hundred years ago, Hamlet remains a puzzling and complex play, partially due to the ambiguous Queen Gertrude. The Queen is a puzzling character as her motives are unclear and readers question her intentions throughout the play. Townsend and Pace in The Many Faces Of Gertrude: Opening And Closing Possibilities In Classroom Talk view her Ã¢â¬Å"as a simple-minded, shallow woman...who has no self beyond a sexual oneÃ¢â¬ while Harmonie Loberg in Queen Gertrude: Monarch, Mother, MurdererRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Hamlet Essay902 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesTo be, or not to be; that s the questionÃ¢â¬ (Act III, Scene 1, P.1127) is of the most widely circulated lines. As we all know, it is also the most important part of the drama, Ã¢â¬Å"HamletÃ¢â¬ , which is one of the most famous tragedy in the literature written by William Shakespeare between from 1599 to1602. The drama was written at the age of Renaissance that reflects the reality of the British society in sixteenth century to early seventeenth century. During that period, Britain was in the era of reverseRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Hamlet 1265 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWe have all been guilty at some point in our lives of trying to act like a conflict we ve had has not existed or been a problem at all. In William Shakespeare s Hamlet we are bombarded with characters that are avoiding conflict by acting like they don t exist. Although majority of my classmates felt Hamlet was a play about revenge, I believe Shakespeare is addressing the issue of chaos and how it cannot be rectified by conjuring up a false reality; it only pushes the conflict into further disarrayRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Hamlet 1130 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHoratio and Hamlet that demonstrate how he changes from the beginning to the end of the play. In the epic tragedy Hamlet, by William Shakespeare, Prince Hamlet is trapped in a world of evil that is not his fault. HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s demeanor and attitude fluctuate over the course of the play. While Hamlet means well and is portrayed to be very sensitive and moral, at times he can appear to be overruled by the madness and darkness from the tragedy of his father s murder. His dealings with his dad s ghostlyRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Hamlet 1116 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesTeresa Fang Professor Moore Humanities 310 28 October 2015 To Seek Revenge or to Wait? Hamlet is a very enigmatic fellow. In Hamlet by William Shakespeare, the theme of revenge is presented as a controversial one. Before the play was set, Prince HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s uncle and new stepfather, King Claudius, had taken part in the assassination of his brother, old King Hamlet. Old King Hamlet died without a chance to receive forgiveness for his sins. As a result, his spirit is condemned to walk the earthRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Hamlet 1077 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagessuch as William Shakespeare have 4dictated their works in a way that allows for them to integrate common occurrences of new psychological findings into a text, giving them an opportunity to sculpt characters that differentiate themselves from one another. Psychoanalytical Criticism is the application of psychological studies incorporated into the findings of contemporary literature, principles founded by Sigmund Freud and Jacques Lacan are most commonly referred to in these texts. Hamlet is an identityRe ad MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Hamlet 2273 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pages William Shakespeare was an English playwright, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world s pre-eminent dramatist. Shakespeare is perhaps most famous for his tragedies. Most of his tragedies were written in a seven-year period between 1601 and 1608. One of these tragedies is his famous play Hamlet. The age of Shakespeare was a great time in English history. The reign of Queen Elizabeth saw England emerge as the leading naval and commercial power of the
Tuesday, May 19, 2020
Sample details Pages: 11 Words: 3411 Downloads: 2 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Law Essay Type Critical essay Did you like this example? Critically discuss the capacity of the European Arrest Warrant to diminish traditional values of legitimacy and due process in criminal justice. Introduction Judicial cooperation is regarded as one of the main focus of the European Union (EU) integration in criminal matters. In the past decade we have seen revolutionary introductions of new mechanisms in the field that have reformed EU criminal cooperation and have favourably developed the EU into an area of security, freedom and justice. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "The capacity of the European Arrest Warrant" essay for you Create order The pioneer initiative in this area has been, without uncertainty, the principle of mutual recognition, which has been regarded as the cornerstone of the judicial cooperation, therefore being the main centrepiece of EU judicial cooperation in criminal matters. The adoption of the framework decision on the European arrest warrant (EAW) has signified a welcome of the first concrete measure in the field of EU criminal law in implementing the principle of mutual recognition. The EAW is (EAW) is an arrest warrant binding throughout all member states of the European Union (EU). When issued, it requires another member state to arrest and transfer a criminal suspect to the issuing state so that the individual can be put on trial or complete a detention period. It has, to date been applied by all member states and has also had more than seven years of testing ground. In exploring the context and implication of the principle of mutual recognition in criminal matters on state values and traditions, this thesis will take the European arrest warrant as a case study. The hypothesis of this thesis is that the European arrest warrant, in theory and practice, challenges the essential functions and prerogatives of member states which are defining features of their state sovereignty. The discussion which follows is dedicated to exploring whether the European arrest warrant diminish traditional values of legitimacy and due process in criminal justice. To do so, it will focus on three axioms around the European arrest warrant; a) the removal of the bar to surrender of owns nationals, b) the double criminality requirement and its partial abolition and c) the depoliticisation of the surrender procedure. In examining this research question, a methodological challenge that arose was the interpretation of the concept of traditional values of legitimacy which has been taken in this thesis to mean Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âsovereigntyÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã as it is a contested conc ept and could be said to one of the most ambiguous terms in use today. The term is concurrently used by scholars, politicians, jurist, journalist and even laymen in reference to different notions. In this context, prior to setting out examining whether the European arrest warrant challenges state sovereignty and due process in criminal justice, it is evident that the concept of state sovereignty must first be identified to the extent that it will be used in the analysis of this paper. Put simply, state sovereignty, includes a state having political and legal authority over all individuals in regards to any affairs within its territory, and as such, said state is not obliged to adhere to any demands from other states as it is equal to and independent of other autonomous states. Therefore the criminal law of a state has a trilogy of defining characteristic that is associated closely with the expression of traditional values of legitimacy within a state due to its series of set rules which lays down its values/principles of what is acceptable and what is not. It also has its own stigmatic punishment and sets of sanctions to support its procedures, while its criminal justice system, such as the judges, courts and the police are designated to interpret and enforce the due process in criminal justice. The characteristic is used as a method of social control within the state superiority and therefore criminal law provides the states with a social control mechanism through which they can regulate human behaviour and thus far exercise its traditional values of legitimacy. The stateÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s ability to decide what conduct to criminalise, enforce and interpret is the ultimate expression of its legitimacy within its territory, thereby showing democratic negotiations of what is acceptable and what is unacceptable on a national platform. These democratic dialogues are considered to echo the social norms which are particular to each st ate and its criminal laws, thereby Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âa product of culture in that it is rooted in the history of a State and exhibits a nationÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s deepest convictions and valuesÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã . It can also be contended that criminal law is seen as a manifestation of state legitimacy and as such, judicial collaboration in criminal matters through the standard of mutual recognition, in practice and theory, is used to challenge the crucial functions and prerogatives of member states that are defining features of traditional values and legitimacy. Thus legitimacy in criminal law within the state is absolute. Part A) Removal of Bar to Surrender The problems with the challenges raised from the removal of the bar to surrender own national has shown how the capacity of the EAW to strengthen the bond of allegiance between state and its own national in establishing its traditional values and legitimacy; this bond can be transcribed into member states constitutions which has led to numerous problems in implementing the FD with some countries having to make changes to legislations in order to accommodate the obligations to surrender their nationals. This is illuminated in the cases of Germany and Poland, where it was illustrated that there were inherent constitutional issues with the application of the EAW. This in turn showed judgments that state legitimacy is a principle that lies within the hearts of member states and therefore the removal of the bar to surrender own nationals thereby challenges it. This is especially seen in PolandÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s vigorous attempts to constitutional preservation as grounds of refusal, of the verification of the double criminality requirement principle in order to diminish the induced challenges. Part B) The Double/Dual Criminality Requirement and its Partial Abolition. The double criminality and partial abolition affects the European Arrest Warrant in diminishing traditional values and legi timacy (sovereignty) by creating extraterritoriality or as some scholars have described as the horizontal transfer of legitimacy. Upon this, the double criminality ensures that the set of principles reflected in criminal law of the executing state thereby confines the loss of legitimacy upon the issuing state use of its criminal justice while that member state executes its own legitimate act within its territory. Upon the list of the 32 categories of offences, and providing that conditions are met, the double criminality requirement and subsequently, the stateÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s traditional values and legitimacy protection provided is abolished. It is therefore said that some of the offences descriptions are vague, leading commentators to argue that this thus creates a function. Siledregt states, for example, that it allows for certain laxity in the definition of offences which prevents the list from being outdated and therefore in need of constant amendment and also accommodates the crime definition of 27 member states by not being that narrow. On the other hand, there being more than 27 different criminal legal systems and more than 23 official languages in which definitions are expressed differently creates a vague and broad category of crimes. The lack of standardised definitions has created inconsistencies within the chain of transfer of horizontal power of legitimacy. This therefore has created difficulty of finding out which category of offences which the double criminality can be abolished. Due to the fact that more than 23 languages exacerbates the interpretation of the substantial element of the offences and as such has given rise to the partial abolition of double criminality further challenges the horizontal transfer of legitimacy and traditional values. In regards to the offence of rape, for example, in England and France one or more genital organs of the victim or the anus must be involved for penetration to amount to rape, while in other member states (Germany) there is no such conditions and other member states, any sexual penetration is regarded as punishable; this is thus illustrated in the case of European court of human rights M.C v Bulgaria. This complication of definition is also illuminated in the case Julian Paul Assange. Assange case is seen as implementing the Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âone shoe fits allÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã approach in EU criminal legal matters. Thereby the EAW is being used to impose a process of extradition that does not reflect the overall natural justice member states nationals deserves. Assange case indicates how the EAW procedure has been put together in ways which by-pass traditional values/national sovereignty. This lack of precision in the classification of offences and the inconsistency in the language or versions of offences in Member States captures even greater legitimate constraints with the abolishment of the double criminality requirement. The clause in article 2(2) Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âmember states can precede without verification of the double criminality of the actÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã has further created a transfer of horizontal legitimacy of national sovereignty from the issuing state towards the executing state in becoming absolute/authorative as it restrains the role of the executing states in ascertaining its control. Additionally, it is evident that the executing state cedes sovereignty/legitimacy on unstable grounds and as such infringes human rights of any individual that is surrendered under the European arrest warrant particularly their rights to liberty and security and this therefore challenge the traditional values of all member states as this is one of the main principles of their constitutions. The abolition of the double criminality requirement for 32 offences to surrender individuals, although the acts committed do not constitute an offence within the executing state has been challenged in the case of Advocaten Voor De Wereld, where the Belgian court submitted a preliminary ruling regarding the conformity of the frame work decision(FD) with the principles of legality, equality and non-discrimination, because by no longer requiring the double criminality principle, these rights will be put at risk and upon evaluation the ECJ examined the FD in light of the protection of fundamental rights, held that the principle of legality of criminal offences and penalties as the general legal principle common to the member states; and as such compliance with the principle must be assessed from a national law perspective and not on the basis of the FD on EAW. But while on the principle of equality and non-discrimination, found that different treatments for list and non-list offenses by the FD was objectively justified; and the FD on EAW is not designed to harmonise the substantive criminal justice. This can be seen as a further bypass the legitimate challenges that arise from horizontal transfer of na tional/traditional values from the issuing to the executing states, this reasoning can be seen as the courts attempt to keep a high level of mutual trust between member states while establishing the normative value of the EAW. Another case which illustrates the problematic issues regarding the double criminality can be seen in the Julian Assange case. Part C) The Depoliticisation of the Surrender Procedure The link between the double criminality and the depoliticisation of the EAW procedure is the new mode of governance upon which the national judicial authorities becomes players in their own rights within the international system, leading to the creation of transnational network of national judges, demonstrating the plan for the EAWÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s horizontal transfer of legitimacy from the issuing state to the executing state, meaning that the power of judges in this power struggle is absolute, even though it can be subject to grounds of refusal, while the sovereignty of the executing state is challenged. This is due to the fact that judges have no political gravity because they are tools to the acts of justice, independent and follows the rule of law in exercising judgment by not endorsing the political issues of the state, in implementing decisions. To this, state values and legitimacy are further diminished and not protected. Furthermore, the ability to exercise legitimacy/traditional values in a political field has been conceded for member states because the move from political to judicial has seen the loss of its diplomatic tool, due to the fact that it is now difficult to pressure through a decision to surrender by way of political or diplomatic means. Additionally, the lack of homogeneity of legal systems has created the emergence of judgeÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s interiming as concierge of their national legal systems, by acting as porters; judges are passing the jurisdictions of the executive thereby expressing the fundamental political agenda of their government and as such the horizontal transfer of legitimacy in creating a EAW would not defy the states traditional values. However, when judgeÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s political views are not in line with the governmentÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s political and social objectives, it therefore challenges the stateÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s traditional values of legitimacy. Yet, a close inspection of the FD shows that the plethora of grounds of refusal added within the FD does not allow automaticity which is one of the principles of mutual recognition, in the agreement by one member state to another, showing member states attempt to protect itself with the leeway within the FD by not automatically taking the decisions of other member states within its territory. This mechanism can be seen as its ploy to screen the horizontal transfer of power which takes place in issuing an EAW, by engaging in such checks. It can be argued that such reluctance is a way of not relinquishing its legi timate rights which is increasingly challenged by the depoliticisation of the European arrest warrant procedure. The Future of the European Arrest Warrant: The European arrest warrant is said to fruitful in reducing the chances of offenders not misusing the free movement of persons within the EU in attempts at escaping justice. However, the integrity of the EAW, such as the abolition of the double criminality is unlikely to change in spite of the human rights concerns. Nonetheless, the commission council are now pursuing changes to address issues of proportionality for EUÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s continuing programmes in ensuring that basic rights for accused individuals around Europe. It is shown throughout my research, that member states will protect any risk within their capacity to stop the diminishing of their traditional values of legitimacy in matters of criminal justice. Closing, it is submitted that not enough weight has been given in the EU to analyse and understand EU integration in criminal matters through the lens of the impact it has on Traditional valves and its due process. To this respect, it is submitted that only if Member States understand the intrinsic and real challenges from incorporation of their Traditional values, and ways are establish to pacify the ceding Traditional values/Sovereignty, whilst promoting EU cooperation, will EU mixing in criminal matters proceed on concrete ground. The question one is left with: Is it possible that the European arrest warrants disadvantage citizens from a common law system more than a civil law system or vice versa or could it be that they disadvantage both equally given the inherent distance that the European government has from any of its citizens Bibliography Bartelson J., A Genealogy of Sovereignty, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995 Abramson W., Extradition in the United States, in Keijzer N. and Sliedregt E. van, The European Arrest Warrant in Practice, T. M. C. Asser Pr ess, 2009 Bartelson J., A Genealogy of Sovereignty, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995 Lazowski A., Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬ÃÅ"Constitutional Tribunal on the Surrender of Polish Citizens Under the European Arrest Warrant. Decision of 27 April 2005Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢, EuConst., 2005 Murray CJ: was critical Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã â the somewhat vague language and curious constructionÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã of the framework Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â¬Å" balancing due process with welfare values/objectives. Ian Bailey Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âFair or Foul? The European arrest warrant justice sans frontier an instrument open to abuse- The executive force of community law cannot fluctuate from one state to another in deference to subsequent domestic laws; could this be defined as restorative justice or just simply obscured justice. Julian Assange v Swedish Prosecution Authority  UKSC 22 :On appeal from:  EWHC Admin 2849 cases C-187/01 and C-385/01 GÃÆ'Ã ¶zÃÆ'Ã ¼tok and Brugge ECR  I-1354. Forde, Michael; Kelly, Kieran (2011).Extradition Law and Transnational Criminal Procedure(4th ed.). Roundhall. p.18 Marianne L. Wade: Judicial control: the CJEU and the future of Eurojust : file:///C:/Users/adminuser/Downloads/Eurojust%20-%20Wade%20Article.pdf Extradition and the European Arrest Warrant Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â¬Å" Recent Developments: file:///C:/Users/adminuser/Downloads/Extradition%20and%20EAW%20-%20Home%20Office%20(1).pdf A REVIEW OF THE UNITED KINGDOMÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢S -EXTRADITION ARRANGEMENTS: file:///C:/Users/adminuser/Downloads/Review%20of%20Extradition%20Arrangements%20UK.pdf Professor Dermot P Walsh Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âAn Emerging EU Criminal Process?Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã file:///C:/Users/adminuser/Downloads/EU%20Criminal%20Process%20Article.pdf 1  2002/584/JHA of 13 June 2002  Forde, Michael; Kelly, Kieran (2011).Extradition Law and Transnational Criminal Procedure(4th ed.). Roundhall. p.18  Rajan M.S., UN and Domestic Jurisdiction, Orient Longmans, Bombay, 1958, 6. It is accepted that not all scholars agree that the Peace of Westphalia deserves this status. For a discussion see Krasner S. D., Sovereignty: Organized Hypocrisy, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1999  Bartelson J 1996  Ibid  Stigmatic punishment is arguably the distinguishing characteristic of criminal Law from other forms of social control and from other branches of law see Clarkson C. M. V., Keating H.M., and Cunnigham S. R., Clarkson and Keating Criminal Law: Text and Materials. 6th ed., London: Sweet Maxwell, 2007 at p.1.   Formal Social Control is a form of social control that is based on rules of behavior that are written down to regulate individuals and there is usually a formal and regulated mea ns of sanction for non-compliance with those rules of behavior see Quinney R. and Trevino A. J., The Social Reality of Crime. 2nd ed., New York: Transaction Puplishers, 2001 at p.6.  Wilt H., Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âSome critical reflections on the process of harmonisation of criminal law within the European UnionÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã , in Klip A. and Wilt H. van der (eds), Harmonisation and Harmonising Measures in Criminal Law, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, 2002, 77.  See for example Perron W., Perspectives of the Harmonisation of Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure in the European Union, in HusabÃÆ'Ã ¸ E. J. and Strandbakken A., Harmonization of Criminal Law in Europe: Series Supranational Criminal Law: Capita Selecta. s.l.: Intersentia, 2005 at p.p.5-6; Kapardis A. and Stefanou E.A., The First Two Years of Fiddling around with the Implementation of the European Arrest Warrant (EAW) in Cyprus, in Guild E. (eds), Constitutional Challenges to the European Arrest Wa rrant. s.l.: Wolf Legal Publishers, 2006 at p.75.  Joined Cases C-187/01 and C-385/01  Sliedregt E. van., The Dual Criminality Requirment, in Keijzer N. and Sliedregt E. van (eds.), The European Arrest Warrant in Practice, The Hague, 2009, p.58.  Council Framework Decision 2005/222/JHA of 24 February 2005 on attacks against information systems; Official Journal L 069, 16/03/2005, 67Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â¬Å"71  Ibid 9   UKSC 22 ; On appeal from:  EWHC Admin 2849  Council Framework Decision on the European Arrest Warrant and surrender procedures between Member States of the European Union, of 13 June 2002, OJ L 190, of 18 July 2002 (hereinafter referred to as Framework Decision).  C-303/05 Advocaten voor de Wereld  A further preliminary ruling ground brought forward, that is not mentioned in this essay, was Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âthat the subject-matter of the European arrest warrant ought to have been implemented by way of a conv ention and not by way of a framework decision since, under Article 34(2) (b) EU, framework decisions may be adopted only Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬ÃÅ"for the purpose of approximation of the laws and regulations of the Member StatesÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã (Para. 11 and Para 16(1)). Although the European Court of Justice accepted that the European Arrest Warrant could equally have been the subject of a Convention, it took the view that it is within the CouncilÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s discretion to give preference to the legal instrument of the Framework Decision in cases where the conditions governing the adoption of such a measure are satisfied (Para. 41). The Court confirmed that there is no distinction in the third pillar as Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âto the type of measures which may be adopted on the basis of the subject-matter to which the joint action in the field of criminal cooperation relatesÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã (Para. 36) and that there is no priority between the different instruments mentioned in Article 34(2) TEU (Para. 37). Moreover, it was rejected that the adoption of Framework Decisions must relate only to areas mentioned in Article 31 (1) (e) which provides the basis for criminal law approximation. The Court also rejected that the European Arrest Warrant should have been adopted by a Convention, as it replaced earlier EU extradition Conventions, as this would Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ârisk depriving of its essential effectiveness the CouncilÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s recognised power to adopt framework decisions in fields previously governed by international conventionsÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã (Para. 42)  cases C-187/01 and C-385/01 GÃÆ'Ã ¶zÃÆ'Ã ¼tok and Brugge ECR  I-1354.
Friday, May 15, 2020
An Analysis of Death and Television This paper will discuss the nature of the representation of death on television as portrayed in news shows, dramas, and cartoons. Since death serves as a common theme on television programming, viewers are familiarized with death to such an extent that the subject of death almost becomes absurd, extreme, embellished, and ultimately inconsequential. This conclusion comes after viewing an hour of Fox News coverage on the death of U.S. Ambassador Christopher Stephens, an hour of the drama Seven shown on cable television, and an hour of the adult-cartoon series South Park on Comedy Central. In each of the shows, death is portrayed with a sense of extreme melodrama and tragedy, sinister calculation and sadism, or ridiculous sensationalism and even (as in the case of the cartoon) absolute irreverence. The network news station Fox News portrayed the death of U.S. Ambassador Christopher Stephens as a tragedy that might have been avoided. It spent a good deal of time discussing political issu es that might have contributed to his death. Although others were killed along with Stephens, he received the primary amount of focus, since he was in the highest position of authority among those killed. Many pictures of him were displayed and it was obvious that the viewer was supposed to feel a great deal of sympathy and sadness. The news anchors described in as much detail as possible the death of the Ambassador and showed many pictures of angry,Show MoreRelatedThe Concept of Mimesis in Platos Allegory of the Cave1160 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescertain medium is a representation of reality. The concept of mimesis extends to art, media, and other texts. Mimesis also creates a sense of false reality, as often the art appears and is can be taken as real as the real world. In PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s Allegory of the Cave, the concept of mimesis is explained and through analysis of the novel and several other pieces of work can the implications and effects of mimesis be grasped. In The Allegory of the Cave, PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s concept that art is a representation of reality canRead MoreThe Different Types of Messages and Representations Television Media Communicates about Older Adulthood1107 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesare treated and portrayed in on-screen media? Most people who watch television have started to notice the quantity and quality of older adult characters over the years. During the era of television shows such as The Golden Girls, older men and women were almost always in a featured role. They were also portrayed in a positive light. As years have passed, older adults are becoming less frequent in on screen media such as television. When they are cast as characters, they are portrayed as needy, annoyingRead MoreSWAT- The Movie1735 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesS.W.A.T is 2003 American film that was directed by Clark Johnson. It is worth understanding that the movie was based on a series that was aired on television in 1975. Gamble and T.J. McCabe are the most si gnificant characters in this film with robust characteristics that contribute to the overall plot. Both of these characters could be said to represent Iago and Roderigo from the literature story Othello respectively. Notably, Othello is a tragedy story written by William Shakespeare and both IagoRead MoreCharacter Analysis Of The Desperate Housewife981 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageshugely popular television series Desperate Housewives acts as the perfect analogy for the glossy suburban vernacular. Created by Marc Cherry and ABC studios in 2004 it has become one of the most popular television series of the 21st century. The drama series follows the lives of four women living on the fictional street of Wisteria Lane. The first season of the series begins with the shocking suicide of a housewife and the subsequent explorations for the reasonings behind her untimely death. ThroughoutRead MoreThe State Of The Environment1142 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthe world would become if humans were to abandon nature. It is regrettably clear from the beginning of the novel that even the few aspects of nature that have not been destroyed by human activity are no longer viewed with admiration, nor do they contain beauty like they do in the real world; they are dull, gray, and unnerving. Gibson reveals the state of the environment in the opening of the book, and implies humansÃ¢â¬â¢ lack of connection with nature using one of the most inherently natural featuresRead MoreThe Disney Departure : Differences Before And After The Death Of Walt Disney1459 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Disney Departure: Differences Before and After the Death of Walt Disney According to the leadership of the Southern Baptist Convention, the Walt Disney Corporation historically stood for Ã¢â¬Å"basic American virtues and valuesÃ¢â¬ but now represents a Ã¢â¬Å"significant departure from DisneyÃ¢â¬â¢s family-values image, and a gratuitous insult to Christians and others who have long supported Disney.Ã¢â¬ Their belief is that Disney entertainment products produced while Walt Disney was alive differ substantially fromRead MoreAgeism : The Most Prevalent Prejudice Essay1269 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAgeism: The most prevalent prejudice Prejudice is defined by dictionary.com as Ã¢â¬Å"unreasonable feelings, opinions, or attitudes, especially of a hostile nature, regarding an ethnic, racial, social, or religious (Define prejudice in Dictionary.com, n.d.). Ageism is seldom recognized as a form of prejudice. Nonetheless, research shows that ageism is the most prevalent prejudice (Bousfield and Hutchinson, 2010, p. 451). This finding calls for an evaluation of how children view the elderly if theyRead MoreSilent Manipulation Alex ProyasÃ¢â¬â¢ film I, Robot1674 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesFrom the moment humans are born, they are shaped by the world around them and chances are that the media plays a huge role in shaping their identity. To the music they listen to, to fashion trends, to their beliefs, the news outlets and television shows could be held responsible. In 2004, the media had a much greater influence over American citizens because of the historical context of the time. Alex ProyasÃ¢â¬â¢ film I, Robot had tak en advantage of the fact that people had become so easily influencedRead MoreThe Cold War Between The United States Of America And The Soviet Union1501 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesmost brightly colored illustration on the cover, compelling the viewer to focus on this structure of Ã¢â¬Å"evilÃ¢â¬ ideology and representation of Communism over any other aspect. The gravestones resting along the iceberg represent death and doom to nations that cecum to Communist influence (this includes North Korea, Poland, Hungary, China, etc.). This becomes a visual representation of the power Communist possessed worldwide during the Cold War; Ã¢â¬Å"like a persistent toy automobile wound up and headed inRead MoreYou may have seen Edvard MunchÃ¢â¬â¢s painting, The Scream, without knowing it as it has been featured1100 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesYou may have seen Edvard MunchÃ¢â¬â¢s painting, The Scream, without knowing it as it has been featured in various movies and television shows such as The Simpsons, The Looney Tunes movie, and Home Alone. This painting is one of the first paintings to emphasize a sound. (Not only is the main person screaming but the setting also seems to be yelling as well.) The main character of the painting looks as if he is screaming and the setting seems to depict something tense almost as if it is yelling or screaming
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
How does Richard III convince Lady Anne to marry him in ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Richard III? At the beginning of Act 1 Scene 2, Lady Anne is taking the coffin of her late husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s father King Henry VI to his grave. She is angry because she knows that Richard killed him. She also knows that Richard killed her late husband prince Edward: Ã¢â¬Å"To hear the lamentations of poor Anne wife to thy Edward, to thy slaughtered son, stabbed by that selfsame hand that made these woundsÃ¢â¬ (Act 1, Scene 2) She curses Richard to a series of horrible fates: Ã¢â¬Å"Cursed the blood that let this blood from hence. Cursed the heart that had the heart to do... If ever he have child, abortive be it...If ever he have wife, let her be made more miserable by the death of him that I am by my young lord and thee.Ã¢â¬ (Act 1, Scene 2) Little does Lady Anne know at this point but as RichardÃ¢â¬â¢s future wife she is also cursing herself. As Richard enters the scene Anne is so vehemently against him that she compares him to the devil: Ã¢â¬Å"Foul devil, for GodÃ¢â¬â¢s sake hence and trouble us notÃ¢â¬ (Act 1, Scene 2) Use of Flattery So how does Richard manage to convince this woman who hates him to marry him? At first he uses flattery: Ã¢â¬Å"More wonderful, when angels are so angry. Vouchsafe, divine perfection of a womanÃ¢â¬ (Act 1, Scene 2) Anne tells him that he can make no excuses and the only sufficient way to excuse himself would be to hang himself. At first, Richard tries to deny killing her husband and says that hanging himself would just make him look guilty. She says that the King was virtuous and mild and Richard says that therefore, heaven is lucky to have him. Then Richard changes tack and says that he wants Anne in his bedchamber and that she is responsible for her husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s death because of her beauty: Ã¢â¬Å"Your beauty was the cause of that effect Ã¢â¬â your beauty that did haunt me in my sleep to undertake the death of all the world so I might live one sweet hour in your sweet bosom.Ã¢â¬ (Act 1, Scene 2) Lady Anne says that if she believed that she would scratch the beauty away from her cheeks. Richard says that he would never stand by to watch that, it would be a travesty. She tells Richard she wants revenge on him. Richard says it is unnatural to want revenge on someone who loves you. She answers that it is natural to want revenge on someone who killed your husband, but he says that not if his death helped her to gain a better husband. Lady Anne is still not convinced. Richard humbles himself to Lady Anne saying that her beauty is such that if she rejects him now he may as well die as his life is worthless without her. He says that everything he did was for her sake. He tells her to be less scornful: Ã¢â¬Å"Teach not thy lip such scorn, for it was made for kissing lady, not for such contempt.Ã¢â¬ (Act 1, Scene 2) He offers her his sword to kill him, he tells her that he did kill the King and her husband but that he only did it for her. He says to kill him or to take him as her husband: Ã¢â¬Å"Take up the sword again or take meÃ¢â¬ (Act 1, Scene 2) Close to Death She says she will not kill him but that she wishes him dead. He then says that all the men he killed he did in her name and if he was to kill himself he would be killing her true love. She still doubts him but seems to be becoming convinced by RichardÃ¢â¬â¢s professions of love. She reluctantly agrees to take his ring when he offers it to her. He puts the ring on her finger and asks her to do him the favor of going to Crosby House while he buries her father in law.Ã She agrees and is happy that he is finally penitent for his crimes: Ã¢â¬Å"With all my heart Ã¢â¬â and much it joys me too, to see you are become so penitentÃ¢â¬ (Act 1, Scene 2). Richard canÃ¢â¬â¢t quite believe that he has convinced Lady Anne to marry him: Ã¢â¬Å"Was ever woman in this humour wooed? Was ever woman in this humour won? IÃ¢â¬â¢ll have her, but I will not keep her longÃ¢â¬ (Act 1, Scene 2) He canÃ¢â¬â¢t believe she will marry him Ã¢â¬Å"whose all not equals EdwardÃ¢â¬â¢s moietyÃ¢â¬ and who is halting and Ã¢â¬Å"misshapenÃ¢â¬ . Richard decides to smarten up for her but intends to kill her in the long run. He does not believe he is lovable enough to acquire a wife, and because he manages to woo her in such circumstances he respects her less.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
In one of his most accomplished works, Plato brings to light the topic of alcohol and the significance of drinking in The Symposium. Through this text, Plato is writing about philosophy is the setting of a narrative in order to reinforce the context of the story. Plato was a metaphilosophist that supported the theory of forms. He believed that understanding pure form, achieving true wisdom, is something that cannot be defined or reduced to words, and all people should strive to understand pure form. The main symbol in The Symposium, is wine, a representation of wisdom. Throughout the narrative, the characters drink at a constant place. Having the wine allows for the men to open up and share their ideas on love, as the characters try andÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In a symposium, the symposiarch, the leader of the symposium, decides what is going to be talked about, and each person at the symposium delivers a speech on that topic. As this is going on, the people at the symposium pa ss around watered-down wine and drink in rounds all at the same pace. This drinking ritual is an example of sophrosunÃâ, an Ancient Greek value that emphasized self-restraint and conforming to societal expectations. The main concept that Plato bases his argument on is the theory of forms. According to the theory of forms, the physical world is created by the abstract ideas and concepts known as the metaphysical world. Plato believed that the physical world was not real and was simply an illusion for the metaphysical world. in The Symposium, there are six different levels to the theory of forms as defined by Diotima. Diotima defines the levels using the example of love, the topic of discussion at the symposium. The first two levels fall into the physical world and are the love of one body and the love of all bodies. The third, fourth, and fifth levels fall under the realm of the metaphysical world and are the love of minds, the love of customs and traditions, and love of forms of knowledge respectively. The highest level in the theory of forms is pure form which extends beyond the metaphysical world and cannot be defined. Only beings that have achieved wisdom, beings that reside in the realm of p ure form, can understand this idea. PlatoShow MoreRelatedEssay on Tragedy of Alcibiades in Platos Symposium1605 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Tragedy of Alcibiades in Platos Symposium In Symposium, a selection from The Dialogues of Plato, Plato uses historical allusions to demonstrate AlcibiadesÃ¢â¬â¢ frustration with both social expectations for the phallus and his inability to meet these expectations. AlcibiadesÃ¢â¬â¢ inability to have a productive sexual relationship effectively castrates him and demonstrates the impotence caused by an overemphasis on eroticism. The tragedy of Alcibiades is that he realizes he is unable to gain virtueRead MoreHuman Love Is An Essential Part Of The Good Life1888 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesAristophanes observes that if we are disobedient toward the gods, Zeus might split us in two once more, so we must always be in pursuit of satisfying the gods. Diotima takes a step forward and tells a story that tries to save us from tragedy in love. The Symposium portrays many forms of love and Ã¢â¬Å"starkly confronts us with a choice, and at the same time it makes us see so clearly that we cannot choose anything. We see now that philosophy is not fully human; but we are terrified of humanity and what it leadsRead More Teaching Philosophy as Education and Evaluation of Thinking Essay3175 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pages But its possible to get truth by dialogue: then it is also possible teaching and philosophically thinking using argumentation and research of universal ideas, transcending simple and unfounded opinions (CIFUENTES, 1997 #4922). This thesis, from Plato to Kant and German idealism (Fichte, Schelling, Hegel) seems the main scientific trend up to today (BARON STERNBERG, 1987a; BARON STERNBERG, 1987b; ENNIS, 1987; QUELLMALZ, 1987; SMITH, 1987), in spite of contrasting voices, like Rousseau, against
The Human Right Campaign is a group that many are familiar with. This group is commonly associated with their logo, which openly shows their goals and ideals. They work for many things other than this, but their fight for equality is the most commonly talked about. Many of us have probably heard about the HRC through our spam file on our email account. You also may have heard of them through their numerous fights for equality and same sex rights. The Human Right Campaign is a group involved in many things all for a very amazing cause. They work hard for the things they do and achieve their desired results with the help of the community and their sponsors. The Human Rights Campaign (HRC) is a group that works toward equality. Their symbol happens to be a yellow equals sign on a solid blue background. This has also been seen as two different shades of red. These colors are typically associated with love and used when events arise that their needs to be more support of the campaign. This was unveiled when the campaign was appealing to the courts with an equality case. They had a large amount of support from the Facebook and Twitter communities. People with profiles on these websites were asked to change their profile pictures to the red version of their equality logo to show support for LGBT rights in these cases. Their symbol, however, is the blue and yellow sign. This can be seen in many different places, even on cars as bumper stickers! (About Our Logo) The Human RightsShow MoreRelatedImportance Of A Successful Campaign Money739 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesPatel Professor Sharifian Govt 2306-71426 29 October 2017 Importance of a Successful Campaign Money plays an important role in running a successful campaign for the office in Texas. Candidates spend a hefty amount to get a seat in the office. The amount spent on state elections is relatively lower than presidential elections, as presidential elections take place at national level. Candidates get money through campaign fundraisers. But money doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t always play a deciding role in who wins the electionRead MoreCampaign Finance Reform Essay782 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCampaign Finance Reform Effective election campaigns have always relied on the candidatesÃ¢â¬â¢ ability to raise money. Even in the days before television, radio and the internet, it still took money to get the word out to the people in a far-flung land. However, todayÃ¢â¬â¢s candidates are faced with raising larger and larger amounts of money with each new election that comes along. Individuals are the primary source of campaign funding at the federal level, with political action committees runningRead MoreThe Legality Of Conversion Therapy1671 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesLegality of Conversion Therapy The issues surrounding sexuality and gender nonconforming individuals in the United States have played an increasingly large role in modern politics since the mid-20th century. These issues, commonly referred to LGBT rights, directly affect the lives of a vast number of American citizens and, as such, any legislation addressing these issues is public policy. The growing demand for equality among the LGBT community has resulted in a number of Supreme Court cases andRead MoreRunning for Texas Senator1493 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe process of a successful campaign, Jennifer would strive to have an appropriate number of campaign staff; meaning many volunteers as well as a strong consultant and campaign manager to use a wise strategy to win the election. She would raise funds months beforehand to be prepared for the election. Jennifer would contact organizations or groups which have the same beliefs as she does, and she would advertise herself in most of, if not all the public media. A Campaign is efficient when the availableRead MoreHow Are Bills Can Be Turned Into Law Case Study857 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageseffects, these interventions must be mandated. Bills are ideas that legislators have determined need to be ratified into law. The ideas can come from many sources: The legislatorÃ¢â¬â¢s own experiences, the issues brought forward by constituents or special interest groups (Milstead, 2013). Firstly, the plan is to become a member of a professional association, e.g. ANA. Then, I will take advantage of the resources provided by the organization to be part of the cadre of the politically-active nurses who areRead MoreMultinational Business Corporations Gaining More Power in Society861 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe world is entering a period where corporations are gaining more power in society. Multinational business corporations will ultimately become more powerful than the government. Corporations influence decisions made by the government by providing campaign funding and lobbying. Businesses strive to satisfy their consumersÃ¢â¬â¢ wants and needs far well than the government strives to satisfy the wants of its population. Financial crisis and recession can begin in areas where jobs provided by corporationsRead Morehuman trafficking persuasive speech1002 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages 13 October 2013 Human Trafficking and Modern Day Slavery: An Annotated Bibliography Batstone, David B,. Not for Sale: The Return of the Global Slave Trade-- and How We Can Fight It. New York: HarperSanFrancisco, 2010. Print. David Batstone is a professor of business and social responsibility at the University of San Francisco. He is also an author and journalist, writing regularly for newspapers such as the New York Times, the Chicago Tribune, and USA Today, and the magazines Wired and SpinRead MoreElection For Texas Election1006 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesrunning for the office in Texas. The factor includes number of votes and the amount of resources that the candidates puts on. In my case, the number of votes that I would secure and resources that I have would seek to influence my spending levels. The campaigns that are targeted to national levels can be higher costs as compared to the district levels. Being a new person in the race would mean that I would have to invest more expenses as compared to incumbent individuals. 1 According to The Texas TribuneRead MoreTypes Of Internal And External Influences820 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesage group like baby boomers, generation X and generation Y can have totally diff erent behavior during the thought of lifestyle change. Own character like income level and profession also are the main factors for a person. From RothschildÃ¢â¬â¢s study, personal factor lets a person avoid the promotion effect from television advertisements, because these people having their own interests and will change their behavior while they want to. (Rothschild 1999, p.3) In additional, the anti-racism campaign is hardRead MoreSolitary Confinement Is The Violation Of Rights Essay1563 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSolitary confinement surpasses the violation of rights and reaches the level of torture as prolonged exposure to isolation can have irreversible effects. The United Nations, established following the end of World War II, attempted to form universal standards of human rights that would force accountability for each country. This charter was in direct response to the heinous crimes against targeted groups, especially those that were placed in concentration camps. While the U.N. does not specifically